Nice and the Tour de France, and at my addendum to my post of July 15, 2016 - here. The Nice Carnival is coming up and that is a fun subject! First of all the word "carnival" is very old. If you look for it in the American web, after you go through many entries on the Carnival Cruise Line, it will tell you that "Carnival is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. The main events typically occur during February or early March, during the period historically known as Shrovetide (or Pre-Lent.)" Not quite, though. As usual, the early Christian church took over the carnival festivities, as they did with many other festivals and holidays, such as the Christmas tree, etc., from the Pagans. The carrus navalis was the boat on which Dionysos, god from the sea, entered the Greek Islands. It is the oldest definition and pre-dates the Christian one. It was in winter and was ritualized to bring back spring and thus the New Year. Primitive men adorned themselves with animal skins. Dionysos, below, from an early Tunisian mosaic.
Charlie Hebdo and French Satire.) This newspaper says "Charlie Hebdo is a punch in the face... Against those who try to stop us thinking. Against those who fear imagination. Against those who don't like us to laugh ... Charlie Hebdo has no need of God, nor any need of Wall Street. Charlie doesn't need two cars and three cell phones to be happy. To be happy, Charlie Hebdo draws, writes, interviews, ponders and laughs at everything on this earth which is ridiculous, giggles at all that is absurb or preposterous in life. Which is to say - very nearly eveything. Because life is so awfully short that it would be a pity to spend it whining in dismay instead of laughing it up a storm." And more. What better way to chase off the gloom of winter, health problems and disillusion in world politics than going to a fun carnival in beautiful Nice? In Nissa la Bella! (shown below along the Nice hymn sung in the Nice dialect.)